Wine entails much from its making from grapes to the glass. It all starts from picking the grapes from the yard, crushing them to pulp and fermenting them. And you have your wine ready for that special occasion.
Once crushed, the white grapes are transferred into a press, which is another piece of winemaking equipment that is literal to its name. All of the grapes are pressed to extract the juice and leave behind the grape skins. The pure juice is then transferred into tanks where sediment settles to the bottom of the tank. After a settling period, the juice is then “racked”, which means it’s filtered out of the settling tank into another tank to insure all the sediment is gone before fermentation starts.
Red wine grapes are also commonly de-stemmed and lightly crushed. The difference is that these grapes, along with their skins, go straight into a vat to start fermentation on their skins. This is what imparts the red color into red wine; otherwise, red grapes would also make a white wine.
After preparation and fermentation, the wine is ripened to give it a standard taste. It can be aged even for years, while stored in tins, oak, or in barrels. Proper choice of the equipment for ageing and the conditioning should be taken into consideration.
Use the correct bottles.
Red or rose wines need to be stored in dark colored bottles; otherwise the wine can become discolored. Homemade red wines can be stored for up to 18 months or longer, if it is a dessert wine. Properly sterilized and sealed bottles are also necessary for aging wine.
Store the wine at home.
Most homes aren’t equipped with underground wine cellars that remain cool and humid all year long. There are, however, wine storage cabinets that you can purchase. They can be adjusted to maintain whatever humidity and temperature level you choose. Most homemade white wines can be enjoyed soon after bottling so long term storage isn’t necessary. Expensive wines, or batches you want to preserve, should be stored properly at home.
After preparation and ageing, it is important to give yourself a treat with a glass of wine. A glass for a day is healthy and refreshing. This will take you all the way from a relaxing evening at home to a wonderful party time with friends or family.
Feed your head
Wine could preserve your memory. When researchers gave memory quizzes to women in their 70s, those who drank one drink or more every day scored much better than those who drank less or not at all. Wine helps prevent clots and reduce blood vessel inflammation, both of which have been linked to cognitive decline and heart disease, explains Tedd Goldfinger, DO, of the University of Arizona School of Medicine. Alcohol also seems to raise HDL, the so-called good cholesterol, which helps unclog your arteries.
Boost your body defenses
In one British study, those who drank roughly a glass of wine a day reduced by 11% their risk of infection by Helicobacter pylori bacteria, a major cause of gastritis, ulcers, and stomach cancers. As little as half a glass may also guard against food poisoning caused by germs like salmonella when people are exposed to contaminated food, according to a Spanish study.